Functional Specification and Description Language (SDL)

(last updated: 16-May-2015 09:31)


  1. Computer Networks and ISDN Systems; Belina and Hogrefe; North-Holland (Amsterdam), 1988 (chapter 16: The CCITT Specification and Description Language SDL).
  2. SDL: Formal Object-Oriented Language for Communicating Systems, Second Edition; Jan Ellsberger, Dieter Hogrefe, and Amardeo Sarma; Prentice Hall, 1997.
  3. SDL with Applications from Protocol Specification; Ferenc Belina, Dieter Hogrefe, and Amardeo Sarma; Prentice-Hall International (UK), 1991.
  4. Systems Engineering Using SDL-92; Anders Olsen, O. Faergemand, B. Moller-Pedersen, R. Reed, and J.R.W. Smith; Elsevier Science B.V. (The Netherlands), 1994.
  5. Telecommunications System Engineering Using SDL; Saracco, Smith, and Reed; North-Holland (Amsterdam), 1989.
  6. Using Formal Description Techniques - An Introduction to Estelle, LOTOS and SDL; K.J. Turner (editor); John Wiley & Sons, 1992.

Periodical Articles

  1. "An Overview of SDL, the CCITT Specification and Description Language", Telecommunication Journal 49-V/1982 pgs 285-291.
  2. "SDL - CCITT Specification and Description Language", ITC COM-30:6 Jun 1982 pgs 1310-1318.
  3. "A Brief Introduction to State Diagrams", TNAE 18:7 Jul 1984 pgs 70-74, 88.


  1. ITU (formerly CCITT) Z.100-series recommendations.